If you go from Ban Jelačić Square, the main city square, up Bakaceva Street, you will reach Kaptol - the oldest settlement in Zagreb. Here you will find Zagreb's Cathedral, and a unique part of Kaptol called Opatovina. Dolac, which used to be Kaptol's estate, is nowadays Zagreb's main open market which leads to Tkalciceva Street, known for its numerous cafés.

A bit of history:
On the hill to the north from Ban Jelačić Square, on the current hill of Kaptol, protected by pits and trenches, the ancient Croatian settlement marking the beginning of Zagreb's history was established. In the late 11th century a new Catholic diocese was founded there, which name indicates the name of the settlement. The diocese was a valuable source of spiritual life, not only religiously but also culturally.

The cathedral was built by the Hungarian king Ladislav and the first bishop of Zagreb called Duh. It was finished and consecrated in 1217 only to be heavily damaged during the Tatar attack. Towers around the Cathedral were built by the bishop Tomo Bakač since 1512.

Although Kaptol and Gradec were two separate municipalities, the name Zagreb was gradually used for both since the 16th century. There are various stories concerning the origin of this name. However, the name 'Zagreb' is of Croatian origin, stemming from the verb 'zagrebsti' i.e. 'to bury', and its Latin name 'Zagabria' indicates that the settlement was even then protected by a pit or a trench.



May 20th, 2011
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April 30th, 2011
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